DIARY OF ALBERT H. BANCROFT, CORPORAL OF CO. B, EIGHTY- FIFTH REGIMENT N. Y. S. V .
8th.—Moved over to South Point from No. 2 barracks.
9th.—Heard the military laws read by the acting adjutant.
11th.—Received a needle-book from the ladies of Canandaigua.
12th.—Was innoculated for the kine pox.
30th.—Went home for the first time.
5th.—The regiment was numbered the Eighty-fifth New York.
30th.—Got our equipments.
1st.—Received our guns.
4th.—We are in Washington.
14th.—Visited the capitol.
15th.—Did my first washing.
19th.—Moved from camp Shepard to Meridian Hill, D. C.
16th.—Received $40.16 from first payment.
20th.—Ran away to Georgetown in the mud.
28th.—Moved in the mud.
9th.—Went over the river into Virginia to [see] a friend.
27th.—Visited Oak Hill cemetery with G. A. Phillips.
31st—Are in the “Elm City.”
1st.—Landed at Fortress Monroe, and marched nearly six miles, and am rather tired.
l0th.—On picket guard on the banks of the James river.
16th.—We march from near Newport News to near Yorktown, eighteen miles,
17th.—Are encamped near Warwick Court House.
19th.—Are at work on the road near Young’s Mills.
4th.—The rebels are evacuating Yorktown, and we have advanced eight miles in light marching order.
5th.—Return to camp for knapsacks and it has rained all day.
6th.—March six miles to near Williamsburg and visit the battlefield.
9th.—March twelve miles towards Richmond.
10th.—March ten miles and no signs of the enemy.
11th.—March eight miles, and Chas. Simmons and myself were arrested for buying a mule.
12th.—Are with the company, and the colonel is under arrest, and the mule fever is still raging.
13th.—In line eight hours in the burning sun, and march twelve miles.
14th.—In camp with a rainy day to enjoy.
15th.—Still raining. Everything is quiet.
16th.—In camp. Nothing happens.
I7th.—In line at dark and march until three o’clock in the morning, and encamp on a rebel camp ground; six miles march and twenty-four miles from Richmond.
18th.—We are in camp.
19th.—We march nearly six miles through a drizzling rain.
20th.—We do not move, and I do not feel very well.
21st.—We advance nearly two miles and it is very warm.
22d—We are in camp, and have a severe thunder and hailstorm.
23d.—We advance three miles and it is very warm. We encamp about six o’clock.
24th.—Our brigade is out reconnoitering and drive in the rebel pickets, and lose one man killed and three wounded.
25th.—Advance nearly two miles, and no rebels.
26th.—We advance nearly two miles and no signs of the enemy.
27th.—We are on picket in Oak Bottom Swamp.
28th.—We are back in camp, and the rebels have been shelling us some but no harm done.
29th.—We advance half a mile, and begin to throw up earthworks.
30th.—The work is still going on. The rebels drive in our pickets, and our brigade is ordered out, and drive them back with the loss of one killed and one wounded.
31st.—We are attacked by the enemy and driven back nearly half a mile, but at night we hold our ground. The loss is heavy on both sides, but they seem to be falling back, and we are reinforced by Sumner’s division.
1st.—There was some skirmishing nearly all day. We were marched forward twice, but saw no enemy. At night they still hold our camp, and some of the boys have not got in yet. 2d.—Our pickets are on their old posts and we go and bury our dead. We find the camps are rifled of everything valuable, and part of their dead left on the ground.
3d.—We camp in line of battle behind the earthworks, and it rains.
4th.—We are relieved, and march back nearly one mile.
5th.—We march to White Oak Swamp through the rain, and camp in the woods.
[Gap in diary record]
28th.—We are in Suffolk in camp, and build over the fireplace, and have brigade drill as usual.
29th.—There is not much done in camp. Spencer Martin starts for home on a furlough. The weather has been some cloudy with signs of rain.
30th.—Nothing transpires of note. The weather is fine, but still cloudy.
1st.—There is nothing done in camp, and there has been some rain.
2d.—Cut wood all day and the weather is warm and pleasant.
3d.—It has rained all day, and there has been nothing done in camp.
4th.—Are under marching orders, and have been busy getting ready all day. Our destination is not known.
5th.—We are in line at 4 A.M., and march twenty-three miles through a drizzling rain, and camp at 3 P. M.
6th.—We are in line at six, and march seven miles to Gatesville, and reach there at half-past ten, and get our dinner. A t three, our company is sent out on picket, and arrests some foragers. The night is very cold.
7th.—We return to camp about noon, and march two miles through a swamp to landing, and embark on the gunboat Hussar, on the Chowan river, and run all night with little case.
8th.—”We go through the Albemarle sound into Pamlico river. The weather is pleasant and we enjoy it well.
9th.—In the morning we are on the Neuse [river]. At ten, we are inside of the blockade before Newbern, fast aground, where “we remain until 2 P . M., when we are transferred into the steamer Ocean Wave, and land about four, and march one mile west of the city, and bivouac for the night.
10th,—We are in camp, and there is nothing done but prepare for the march. The weather is very warm for the season.
11th.—At 6 P. M., the expedition of fourteen thousand men, with artillery and cavalry, start out and advance fifteen miles towards Trenton. There has been some skirmishing, and one prisoner taken. We bivouac at sundown.
12th.—We start at daylight. There is skirmishing through the day, and take six prisoners. Three killed and some wounded. We bivouacked at 7 P. M., having marched fifteen miles. At ten, there was a false alarm on the picket line, and the men got in line. Everything was quiet the rest of the night.
13th.—There is some cannonading this morning, but they retreat and we advance through an old mill and take two pieces of cannon and some prisoners. We have advanced six miles today, and bivouac at dark.
14th.—We start about 8 P. M., and firing is commenced by the advance guard at 9. At ten, the line is all engaged. Our regiment is posted to the right to support a battery. At 3 A. M., we are over the river at Kinston, and the stars and stripes wave over the enemy’s works. At four, we march through the town about two miles and bivouac for the night, and send out pickets; but all is quiet.
15th.—We bury our dead and march fifteen miles towards Whitehall, and bivouac for the night at half-past 3 P. M. There has nothing occurred of note during the day.
16th.—We drive the enemy from Whitehall after a severe cannonading. Take two gunboats. The enemy burn the town. Our loss is not known. We advance thirteen miles and bivouac at dark. The weather has been warm.
17th.—We advance six miles and burn the bridge over the Neuse, tear up the railroad, under the cover of our artillery, and start on the return march and camp about 8 P. M. Everything is quiet and no signs of the enemy.
18th.—We are still on the return march. There has nothing happened of any account. The weather is warm and pleasant.
19th.—We are on the return march. The coast is clear and the enemy gone. Weather still pleasant. We bivouacked at sun down.
20th.—Still on the return, and nothing happens of any note. We bivouacked at 3 P.M., and fresh pork and yams are in good demand.
21st.—We arrive at Newbern at half-past 12, and camp on the old ground and prepare for the night.
22d.—In camp. Nothing done.
23d.—We are in camp and do some washing, which is much needed.
24th.—We draw some new clothes and go down town, but there was not much to see nor hear.
25th.—We are in camp. A dull day. Weather clear and pleasant.
26th.—We get some tarts in the forenoon and have battalion drill in the afternoon.
27th.—Went down town in the forenoon. In the afternoon it rained.
28th.—We are in camp and there is nothing done. the weather is clear but cold.
29th.—In the forenoon nothing done. Battalion drill in the afternoon. The weather is clear and pleasant.
30th.—We are in camp and nothing done. Weather clear and warm.
31st.—We are mustered for pay.
1st.—We move camp across the Trent river, and are busy all day fixing things in general.
2d.—We are in camp and there is nothing done.
3d.—Weather fine, as usual.
4th.—Went down town in the forenoon. In the afternoon we got our baggage from Suffolk.
5th.—Nothing done in camp.
6th.—We had some rain in the afternoon. Nothing in camp.
7th.—We had brigade review at 3 P. M., by Colonel Howell, of the Eighty-fifth PennsylvaniaVolunteers.
8th.—Company drill in the forenoon. A t 3 P. M. brigade reviewed by Brigadier-General Hand.
9th.—Company drill in the forenoon and battalion drill in the afternoon. The weather is clear but rather cold.
10th.—There is nothing done in camp. We have some rain.
11th.—Regimental inspection at half-past 9. The weather cloudy but no rain.
12th.—The sick boys arrive here from Suffolk. All well and hearty.
13th.—We have orders to be ready to march at twelve hours’ notice.
14th.—We are in camp and not much done. We pass the time as well as we can.
15th.—We are in camp and have company and regimental drill. Warner and Wilcox return from York State. The weather is sultry.
16th.—We had a stormy night and some rain to-day. Have done nothing but play cards.
17th.—There is nothing done of any account. The boys all go after wood.
18th. Sunday.—Regimental inspection at 3 P. M. Nothing done and a cold day to enjoy.
19th.—In the forenoon went to town. In the afternoon had brigade inspection. Weather warm and pleasant.
20th.—Company drill in the forenoon. Rain in the afternoon.
21st.—Rained nearly all day, and there was nothing done but playing cards, as usual.
22d.—We are in camp and nothing done. The cavalry return from a scout all safe. The result is a few contrabands.
23d.—The weather is lowery and wet. Company drill in the afternoon.
24th.—We are in camp and nothing done. The general talk is of the expedition and Stonewall Jackson.
25th.—We had brigade inspection at 10 A. M. by General Sleint. In the afternoon nothing done.
26th.—Company and regimental drill. The weather is warm and pleasant, and we hear that we are not going on the expedition.
27th.—Nothing but company drill. Very windy, with some rain to lay the dust.
28th.-—We have a stormy day and there is nothing done. Fatigue party at work on the forts as usual.
29th.—The weather is cold and windy today.
30th.—Today we have company and regimental drill. The weather is fair and pleasaut, and tonight the boys are bound to be merry while they may.
31st.—Today the company are on guard and no drill. The paymaster has begun to pay the brigade. The weather has been warm and pleasant.
1st.—At 9 A. M. had regimental inspection. Warner and myself visited Burnside’s battlefield, and saw the remains of their fortifications, and returned to camp tired and hungry.
2d.—In camp. In the afternoon we signed the pay rolls for four months’ pay.
3d.—This morning we find about two inches of snow, the first we have had this winter, and the wind seems bound to tear down our tents; but tonight the wind has gone down some, and it is not quite so cold.
4th.—Today we receive four months’ pay. The day has been very cold, and the night bids fair to be a cold one.
5th.—Today we move across the Trent [river] into barracks. It tries hard to rain and tonight it is raining in good earnest.
6th.—We have some rain today, and it bids fair to be a rainy night.
7th.—This morning Spencer Martin arrived at the company from New York. Had company drill in the forenoon. The weather has been fine.
8th.—Company inspection at 10 A. M,, and dress parade at 5 P. M. The weather fair and pleasant.
9th.—Company drill at 10 A. M. In the afternoon nothing done. In the evening we had a military ball in the barracks. There were no ladies present, but all went off well, and all were well satisfied.
10th,—Company drill at 10 A. M. In the afternoon nothing done but dance and play cards.
11th.—Company drill at 10 A. M.; battalion drill at 3 P. M. The weather is fair, and we have been playing ball for exercise.
12th.—Went down town in the forenoon. In the afternoon regimental drill. Weather warm and pleasant.
13th.—In the forenoon, company drill; in the afternoon had brigade drill across the Trent River by General Hunt commanding. The weather is fair; windy.
14th.—Company drill at 10 A.M. In the afternoon we prepare for Sunday morning inspection.
15th.—Regimental inspection at 10 A. M., and dress parade at 5 p. M. Cloudy and some rain.
16th.—Company drill at 10 A. M., and battalion drill at 3 P. M. The weather is warm, but cloudy. The boys have been busy with some new boxing gloves, learning the manly art of self-defence, and tonight there are some painted eyes.
17th.—Today was on guard for the first time in six months, and have had a wet time of it. No drill today.
18th.—Rather cold this morning after the rain. Company drill at 10 A. M., and this afternoon I slept most of the time.
19th.—Today we drill as usual, and have some blanks to fill, and expect great improvements.
20th,—Company drill in the forenoon, as usual. In the afternoon at 3, dress parade. “Warm, but windy.
21st.—Company drill in the afternoon. Prepare for Sunday inspection.
22d.—It has rained all day. We had inspection in the barracks. The gunboats have been firing a salute in honor of Washington’s birthday. Trying to clear off.
23d.—The weather is cold after the rain. We have two drills as usual. The muster-rolls have been sent in to-day.
24th.—Company drill at 10 A. M., and in the afternoon nothing done.
25th.—At 10 A. M. we are in line for a corps review by General Foster. There was a good show of troops.
26th.—I am on guard, and it has rained nearly all day, and tonight J. T. Carson takes my place, and I am trying hard to be sick.
27th.—Today I am much better, but it still rains. I have been busy cleaning my gun.
28th.—Regiment mustered for pay by the lieutenant-colonel of the Ninety-eighth regiment. The weather was fair, but cold.
1st.—Lowery, but not much rain. No inspection. The boys have been to church.
2d.—Company drill at 10 A.M., and regimental drill at 3 P. M. Went down town between drills. There was not much going on.
3d.—Today we drill as usual. The weather is fair, and I have been bathing in the river for a change, but find it cold.
4th.—Company drill at 10 A. M., and brigade drill.
5th.—We have our drills today, and the colonel arrives today. The company gets some mail.
6th.—Company drill at 10 A. M.; in the afternoon we drill. The weather was fair, but windy.
7th.—Company drill as usual. At 12 go out on picket. The weather is fair.
8th.—Was relieved today at 2 M. M., and returned to camp.
9th,—We drill today as usual, and there is nothing done.
10th.—Company drill at A. M. In the afternoon it rains, and this evening we have a dance.
11th.—Rain in the afternoon and no drill. This evening we dance as usual.
12th.—This forenoon company drill. In the afternoon dress parade, and I have been writing home.
13th.—Company drill, but no regimental drill. The weather is cold and windy. The captain arrives today.
14th,—In the morning we are woke up by the cannon, and find the enemy are shelling the Eighty-second camp across the Neuse, but the gunboats soon cause them to draw off, when our regiment goes across and find the tents badly cut up, but only two men slightly wounded. We have been working all night on the fortifications, and the enemy do not again appear.
15th.—To-day we began working on the earthworks, and about ten we make a reconnoissance, but do not find the enemy; we then return and re-cross, and arrive at camp about 4 P. M., and all is quiet.
16th.—We re-cross the river oil the steamer North Shore, and start out on a reconnoissance, but find nothing but a few harmless natives, and return about 8 P. M. and bivouac for the night.
17th.—We travel over the same ground nearly with the same success, and return to within one and a half miles of the fort, get our coffee, station the pickets, and turn in for the night.
18th.—We return to the Ninety-second camp, and lay around all day. Obtain rations. Tonight there are signs of rain, and the boys are looking for the safest place to escape the rain.
19th.—Rains nearly all day. About 4 P. M., re-cross the river in the steamer Allison, and glad to get into quarters.
20th.—We are in camp, and it has rained all day, and nothing done.
21st.—It still rains, and the prospect is that we shall not do much for a few days’ yet.
22d.—I am on guard. Weather warm, but foggy.
23d.—Was relieved this morning at nine, and we have no drill. At dress parade we are ordered to report at 8 A.M. of the 24th with two days’ rations.
24th.—This morning we are on hand as ordered, and are towed across the river, and part of regiment go to work, and Companies B, C and D, are sent to reconnoitre, but find no signs of the enemy. About four, it begins to rain, and we repair to the buildings of Mr. Hooker, and make ourselves at home for the night.
25th.—We have no farther orders, and remain at the house until 4 P. M,, when we return to the Ninety-second camp, and re-cross in the flat boats, but are obliged to work our passage, and after some reverses, we land about sundown, and are glad to find a warm supper ready for us.
26th.—To-day we are ordered to be ready to march with three days’ rations, and re-cross the river in the steamboat Allison, and land here about 2 P. M., and prepare for the night.
27th.—To-day we are at Hooker’s, and nothing done, and the boys are trying to enjoy themselves the best they can.
28th.—We are still here doing nothing but picket duty.
29th.—Rained all day, and nothing done.
30th.—Today it does not rain, but is rather cold and windy, and the fence timber suffers.
31st.—Today has been pleasant but rather cool, and the boys have been jumping nearly all day.
1st.—Today the regiment return across the river, and a detail of thirty men remain on picket. There has been heavy firing in the direction of Little Washington.
2d.—Today we are still on picket and some are sent across after rations. The firing still continues, but all is quiet here.
3d.—Nothing new here. We hear firing in the forenoon. Part of us have been to camp today, and all is quiet.
4th.—Today all quiet. The weather is cool and very windy, and at night we go across after rations and return all right.
5th.—Today we were relieved at sundown. There were no troops left in our places. The regiment has received marching orders to-day.
6th.—Today we were assigned our places in case of an attack by General Palmer. This afternoon, went fishing, with poor luck.
7th.—This afternoon we had orders to start with three days’ rations, and cross the river and march to the old fort beyond the Ninety-second, and bivouac for the night.
8th.—Today we left the fort about noon and marched until 10 in the direction of Little Washington, and bivouac for the night with wet feet.
9th.—Today we start about sunrise and march to near Loir Point and shell the enemy, but with little effect, and retreat back to New Hope School House and bivouac for the night at 9 P. M., having made over thirty miles march during the day.
10th.—Today we break camp at sunrise and are still on the return march, and are nearly all day making nine miles. At 4 P. M. we are ordered to the wharf to recross the river, but the fog rises, and we have to lay over until morning.
11th.—Today we arrive in camp and sleeping is the order of the day. Dress parade at 6 P. M.
12th.—Today we had company inspection at 10 A. M. At 4 we were mustered to find the respective strength of the regiments at Newborn.
13th.—Today there is nothing done, and I have been fishing and caught one fish. At dress parade, I. Underbill, Company E, was drummed out of camp for cowardice, and sentenced to hard labor.
14th.—This afternoon went out on picket. It is warm and showery, and nothing occurs of any amount.
15th.—This morning it rains very hard, with some thunder. At noon we were relieved and returned to camp.
16th.—Company drill and then went fishing. This afternoon we have orders to be ready to march with three days’ rations.
17th.—Today we cross the river and camp for the night. General Foster is in command. The Seventy-eighth is in Newborn.
18th.—Started soon after sunrise, and marched twenty miles towards Washington. The roads very bad. No signs of the enemy.
19th.—Started soon after sunrise and marched seventeen miles, and camp about 4 P. M., and soon we are busy catching hogs for supper. The enemy have fortified all the way from Blunt’s Creek.
20th.—Started before sunrise. March three miles into Little Washington, and fix camp in an old steam saw-mill. It is very warm to-day.
21st.—Today we are still here and there is nothing new.
22d.—Have company drill and company inspection. The weather is rather cool and rations scarce.
23d.—Rained in the forenoon; company drill at 4 P. M. At eight we have a severe hail and thunder storm. The stables of the Third New York Cavalry blow down and they lose sixteen horses.
24th.—Company drill at ten. At half-past one we embark on the steamer Thomas Collier, for Newbern; at five we overtake the Phoenix with a broken shaft, and take her in tow; at eight we anchor for the night. The weather is fair.
25th.—Today we arrive in Newbern about ten, sign the pay-rolls and receive four months’ pay. This evening I have wrote two letters.
26th.—Company inspection at 10 A. M,, and then went to church. In the evening, go over to the Ninety-eighth New York.
27th.—Today we have two company drills. In the evening, at roll-call, Spencer Martin presents Captain Clark a sword in behalf of the company.
28th.—Last night and this morning it has rained. We have company drill at ten; dress parade at five; at 6 A. M. detailed on division headquarters guard. Some rain this evening.
29th.—Was relieved at 2 P.M., and returned to camp. It is very warm to-day.
30th.—At 10 A. M. we were inspected and mustered for pay by Colonel Lasman.
1st.—Went on guard for being absent on dress parade. Weather fair—regimental drill as usual.
2d.—Was relieved at eight, and got ready to march. At 12 M. we embarked on the steamers Massoit and Emelie, for Plymouth. At sundown we are under fair headway.
3d.—We run all night, and arrived at Plymouth at 10 A. M., and took quarters in the old buildings.
4th.—Today we are in camp, and have fished all day. Roll-call every two hours; dress parade at 3 P. M.
5th.—Our company are on picket and all is quiet. Some rain, and the frogs are rather noisy.
6th.—Were relieved at 8 A.M. The Thomas Collier and Emelie came in loaded with troops. It has rained hard all day. We have orders to march at 12 P. M., with one day’s rations.
7th.—The weather would not admit of the scout. The Forty- sixth Massachusetts left for Newborn, and we have one of their company’s boards to fix camp with, and lay our camp outside of the town.
8th.—Have been making camp today. Have orders to march at 12:30 P. M., with one day’s rations.
9th.—We are on the march; go ten miles by May creek; arrest five men; keep them awhile and let them go again; return to camp and find our things in our new camp. The weather is cool and pleasant.
10th.—Today we have inspection at 8 A.M., and two extra roll-calls. The weather is warm and sultry.
11th.—Today I have been busy at the tent. We have begun work on the fort. The weather is hot.
12th.—Today went on guard. The work is still going on.
13th.—This morning was relieved at 8, and have not done any thing today. The “fatigues ” are out as usual.
14th.—Went down town in the morning along with Bentley. The Massasoit arrives with the mail. This afternoon work on the camp walks.
15th.—This morning went on picket on the Columbia road. All goes well and we get plenty of strawberries.
16th.—Relieved at 8:30 A. M., and returned to camp. The Thos. Collier arrived today with sundries. This afternoon we get ready for inspection.
17th.—Inspection at 8 A. M. Do some baking. Have dress parade at 4 P. M., and go bathing in the evening.
18th.—Today go on camp police digging streets. The weather is very warm.
19th.—Today have been at work getting reeds to fix a shade in front of the tent.
20th.—To-day worked on the fort until 6 P. M. Companies B and E embark on the gunboat Terry, bound for Blackwater, and run all night.
21st.—Today we advanced up the Chowan carefully, but see no signs of the enemy. We bring a seine on board about 4 P. M., and lay at anchor all night.
22d.—Today we weigh anchor before sunrise. After an hour’s run, we enter the Blackwater, but find it too shallow, and at 9 A. M. We are on the way back, and at 2 P. M. we are running up the Mahasson. From 4 until near sundown we are aground. We take on a beef and a seine today. At sundown we are up with the gunboats Whitehead and Valley City. We have been honored with but one shot today; no harm done. The anchor is down at seven, and all is well.
23d.—At 12 M., we start back; We run about two miles and are fast aground, but do not get off until 8:30 today. Yesterday the Valley City captured some bacon and lard and the rebels’ mail at Murfreesboro, destroyed the bridge and returned aboard all right; we then run into the Sound, take on a citizen, ran on until 4 P. M., when we anchor, and the-officers and part of the crew go ashore, and do not return until after dark. At 9:30 we hoist anchor and run until 11 P. M., when Companies B and E go on shore, march about two miles, surround a house, and take five men of doubtful character prisoners, and return on board at 1:30, weigh anchor and are under way.
24th.—Today we land at sunrise, and march up to camp. We have no inspection. At six, we go down town for dress parade. The roads are very dusty and the weather very hot.
25th.—This morning, baked. In the afternoon, went after shade trees.
26th.—This forenoon we went after shade trees, and backed them in. In the afternoon, built on a bedroom behind the tent. Weather is cool.
27th—Do not feel very well, and have not done anything today. The weather is fair, and no rain.
28th.—Was detailed on picket, and Warner went in my place. Tonight feel better. There are signs of rain today.
29th.—To-day a little rain. The boys have been to the woods after boughs. Carpenter arrived today from the hospital. The mail arrived today; none for me as usual.
30th.—We are in camp, and prepare for inspection. The weather is cool.
31st.—Today am on guard in camp, and it is very warm. In the evening the mosquitoes threaten to take the camp, and the boys are kept up nearly all night to resist them.
1st.—Was relieved at 8 A. M., and went out to the picket lines after strawberries. Nothing done in camp. The weather is very warm.
2d.—Today signed the pay-rolls, and then went down town.
3d.—Today received twenty-six dollars, and sent twenty home. The discharged boys went home today on the Massasoit. The weather looks like rain.
4th.—Went on picket on the Acre road. All was quiet. No rain yet, and it is very warm.
5th.—Almost melted going into camp; it is very warm, and there is nothing done.
6th.—Nothing done in the fornoon. In the afternoon it rained, and everything seemed to have new life,
7th.—Inspection at half-past eight, and dress parade at six. The weather is cool and pleasant.
8th.—The weather is fair. A t 3 P. M., five companies go out on a reconnoissance on the gunboats.
9th.—Go on picket on the Columbia road. All quiet. The cavalry returned from the scout about midnight all safe and sound. We get what milk we want to use. The weather fair.
10th. — Was relieved this morning at 8 A. M. , and return to camp. The Thos. Collier arrived with the mail.
11th.—Nothing happens of note.
12th.—Today it rains a little. In the afternoon is very warm.
13th.—Am on camp guard. Nothing happens of note.
14th.—Was relieved at 9. Had company inspection at 8 A. M., and dress parade at 3:30 P. M. Doctor Smith takes leave of the officers and starts for the North.
15th.—Nothing done in forenoon. In afternoon went blackberrying near the picket lines.
16th.—Went on picket on the Washington road. Warm and quiet.
17th.—Returned to camp about noon. The cavalry went out recounoitering last night and had one man wounded, and two disabled by an accident. They did not take any prisoners, and the enemy made good their escape.
18th.—Went on camp guard. Very warm. Rain in afternoon and evening.
19th.—Has been showering nearly all day. Nothing done.
20th.—Today some of the One Hundred and Forty-eighth New York, are here from Norfolk as guard for a boat through the canal.
21st.—Brigade inspection on the Columbia road, by General Layman at 8 A.M. In the afternoon it rains some. At 7 p. M., we have company inspection. At 6 P. M, the boat starts for Norfolk with the mails.
22d.– Rained nearly all day. Nothing done of note.
23rd.–Went on picket on the Columbia road, and all is quiet. The Mystic arrived from Newbern with the mail and papers of the 19th. Weather fair.
24th.—Was relieved at 8:30 and returned to camp. The Massasoit arrived, but brought no mail.
25th.—We have company drill from 5:30 to 6:30 A. M. It has been cloudy all day, and this evening it rains.
26th.—Very warm. Company drill in the afternoon. In the evening it rains and bids fair to rain all night.
27th.—Went on camp guard. The weather is very warm. In the evening some rain as usual. The boys are making some sentry boxes.
28th.—Regimental inspection at 8 A. M. Dress parade down town at 6 P. M. Weather warm and some rain.
29th.—Rained all day, and nothing done but prepare for muster.
30th.—Was inspected by Colonel Morris, of the One Hundred and First Pennsylvania Volunteers, and mustered for two months pay. The Massasoit arrived with the mails. Captain Clark get his commission as lieut.-colonel. The weather is very warm.
1st.—Went on camp guard, and it has rained nearly all day.
2d.—Was relieved at 8, and have been playing euchre nearly all day. We have company drill at 5:30. Very warm.
3d.—Went down town in the forenoon. At six, company drill. Hot.
4th.—Heard the Declaration of Independence read by Adjutant Cotes; also the resolutions in regard to the copperheads of the North which are to be printed. The weather is fair and the day passes off in good style.
5th.—Went on picket on the Washington road. In the afternoon the brigade is ordered out on a reconnoissance on the Jamestown road. Weather is very hot.
6th.—Today we are not relieved. There was heavy firing nearly all night.
7th.—Was relieved by the convalescents and returned to camp. The regiment came in about sundown, all safe but tired.
8th.—Has been warm, with some showers. Mail in the afternoon.
10th.—We are ordered to have three days’ rations, and be ready to march at 5 P. M. We embark on the gunboat Valley City, and run down the river into the Sound and anchor for the night.
11th.—Got under way at 3 A. M., and run up to Herring creek, where we took small boats and run up about two miles to a rebel farm house, and load up with confederate salt. March to another house down the creek, and make ourselves handy for a while. Return to the boats and arrive in camp at 4:30 A. M.
12th.—Inspection at 8 A. M.; dress parade at 6 P. M. The proceedings of a general court-martial were read by the adjutant.
13th.—It has been showery all day. I have made a hen coop.
14th.—On camp guard. It has been showery all day. The mail arrived today. Nothing done.
15th.—Was inspected by the post inspector at 10 A. M. In the afternoon drew some clothing. Warm and showery.
16th.—In the morning went down to the doctor and had a tooth pulled. Nothing done in camp.
17th.—Company drill in the afternoon. Weather fair.
18th.—In the forenoon there was nothing done. The mail arrived. In the afternoon it rained.
19th.—Inspection at 8 A. M.; dress parade at 5 P. M.
20th.—Washed this morning. Took down the tent in the afternoon.
22d.—On camp guard. It has rained all day.
23d.—Was relieved at 8 A. M. At 6 P. M. battalion drill in front of the general’s headquarters. The picket lines were moved in today. Weather fair.
24th.—Nothing done in camp. The weather is very warm.
25th.—Have been preparing for inspection. Some rain. 26th.—Had inspection at 8 A. M., and then had orders to be in line at 11 A. M. with three days’ rations. We marched to within two miles of Gardiner’s bridge, and bivouacked for the night at Jamestown.
27th.—We started about 11 A. M. and march towards Mills. Drive in the pickets about sundown. Throw over a few shells, and the cavalry are sent down and get three men wounded. Two companies (B and F) are sent down, but see no signs of the enemy. We then fire the sawmills and begin the return march to Jamestown, and biviouac for the night at 2 A. M., when it stops raining. We are nearly all tired out.
28th.—We start about 10 A. M. and march until noon, and stop for dinner. About 2 it begins to rain, and rains until we arrive in camp at 4½ P. M., rather worse for wear.
29th.—Today there is another reconnoissance sent out on the boats and by land, and to-night we hear firing in the direction of Foster’s Mills. We have been cleaning guns and sleeping today. Some rain this afternoon.
30th.—It has rained nearly all day, and there is nothing done. At midnight the expedition returns all safe from Williamston and Foster’s Mills.
31st.—The officers start north on the Massasoit for the conscripts. Some rain today.
1st.—The weather is fair, and no rain today. We have been preparing for inspection.
2d.—Company inspection at 8 AM.; dress parade at 6 P. M. Weather fair.
3d.—Battalion drill at 6 P. M. At 8 A.M. the mail arrives on the Washington train. The weather is very hot. Our new colonel arrives today.
4th.—Warm and pleasant. A t 4 P. M. we were inspected by our new Colonel Fardella.
5th.—Did my washing in the forenoon; wrote a letter in the afternoon. The weather is fair.
6th.—At 2 A. M. there is a detail of one hundred and twelve men ordered to report to headquarters at 5, with three days’ .rations, and embark on the steamer Washington Irving. We embarked at 6 and run down the Roanoke, and arrive at Roanoke Island about 3 P. M. Make some coffee. Companies B, H and K are sent across the island on picket. The weather is very hot.
7th.—Returned to the wharf and lie around all day. At night we go to Company I’s barracks to stay over night, but find the mosquitoes and fleas too thick, and return to the wharf.
8th.—Today we start from the Roanoke on the Irving and Wheelbarrow and run up into Caristuck Sound. A t noon the Irving is hard aground for nearly two hours, when six companies embark on the Wheelbarrow and run up into the Narrows and land, but find no enemy. We then catch the poultry on hand, get some green corn, and return to the boat. We then run down until near sundown, when a part of us go ashore, capture some tobacco, and bring away a Union family, and get back to the boat about 10 P. M. Run on down the Sound and come up with the Irving, and part of us get on board, and arrive at Roanoke at daylight.
9th.—We go ashore and are sent to the several forts, to wait until the Irving goes to Newbern for the mail. The weather is very hot and dull. At night we slept on an old boat, to keep the musquitoes and fleas from eating us up.
10th.—We have not done anything. The boys get what melons they want. At night I am on alarm guard, and have been sick all night and do not sleep any.
11th.—This morning I go to the hospital with a fever. Hot as usual.
12th.—Today the sick are sent to the wharf, to go to Plymouth, on the propeller Collcnoker (?). About 4 P. M. we start and run until ten and anchor for the night.
13th.—We start at daylight, and arrive at Plymouth at 6 A. M. C. Simmons carries my things and I walk up to camp, and have the fever all day.
14th.—Today I am some better. In the morning the Washington Irving arrives by the way of Roanoke, bringing the rest of the boys, paymaster and mail. We sign the pay-rolls, and get two months’ pay. It has rained some today.
15th.—Today I do not feel as well. It has been very warm.
16th.—Company inspection at 8 A. M.; dress parade at 6 P. M.
17th.—In the forenoon nothing done; battalion drill at 6 P. M. by Colonel Fardella. A little rain today.
18th.—Has been cool and pleasant. In the forenoon did my washing.
19th.—In the afternoon four companies have orders to move down town and take down some tents, and the order is countermanded and we fix up again.
20th.—Today am sick again and do nothing. Battalion drill at 5 P. M .
22d.—Last night the negro regiment was on the picket, and aroused the camp with their firing. We got in line, but saw no enemy, and returned to bed; no-one hurt. I am still on the sick list.
23d.—I report as usual. We have inspection at 8 A. M., by C. T . Aldrich. At noon the boys arrive from the last raid with what poultry they can carry; they found no rebs.
24th.—We move camp down town; we have a fine place in an old grove. It has been very hot today.
25th.—We have fixing up around the tent. Some rain today. Tonight there is another detail to go on the gunboat Irving.
26th.—At 8 A. M. we were under way down the Roanoke; at 12 we were at Columbia, on the Scuppernung river, where we land; get some melons, and at one we start for Collins’ plantation, at Scuppernung Lake, where we arrive soon after dark, rather tired, having marched sixteen miles; but the negroes get us some supper, and we retire for the night in the negro church.
27th.—This morning we get what milk and hoe-cake we want, get some chickens, and at 9 A. M. we start on the return march. Soon the rain sets in, and lasts us to the boat, where we arrive about 3 P. M., and start for Plymouth. The Sound was rather rough, and some of the boys got seasick, but we arrived about 8 P. M., all safe and sound.
28th.—Today I have been cleaning my gun and sleeping. It has been cool and pleasant to-day.
29th.—Prepared for Sunday morning inspection. Some rain in the afternoon.
30th.—Went on picket and had a wet time. All was quiet.
31st.—The regiment was mustered for pay, and we are not relieved until afternoon, when we are mustered and go to bed. Some rain today.
1st.—Have been writing and playing cards all day. Company inspection at sundown. Some rain to-day.
2d.—We get roof for a cook-house and put it up. Nothing done in camp. Some rain.
3d.—The vidette pickets are fired on and two wounded; one mortally. The picket relief are sent out, but find no sign of the enemy. A detail from the brigade is then sent out, but do not find them. All quiet. Some rain.
4th.—Was relieved and return to camp, and did nothing but clean guns.
5th.—Went on picket on the Washington road. All is quiet along the lines.
6th.—Was relieved and return to camp; in the afternoon was taken with the fever, and did not go on parade.
7th.—Am on the sick list, but not dangerous. Some rain this evening. A t 8 P. M. one corporal and three privates are detailed for an expedition.
8th.—The boys return before sunrise with five prisoners, that were home on furlough. Weather fair.
9th.—Company inspection at sundown. Weather fair and warm.
10th.—Still on the sick list.
11th.—Write a letter. The boys have been pitching quoits.
12th.—Prepare for inspection; play cards some. The weather is fair.
13th.—At 4 A. M. an expedition starts for Edentown on the gunboats. At dark one of the boys came in from the picket sick, and I was sent out in his place. Company F of the Third New York Cavalry arrived to-day.
14th.—At daylight we go out in advance of the cavalry. We see no rebs; get what grapes we want and return to our post, when it rained for a change. At 8 A. M. we are relieved. The mail goes out at 2 P. M. At half-past four we have battalion drill. Some rain today.
15th.—Some rain in forenoon. At 2 P. M., we draw clothes; at four, monthly inspection, by Captain Cotes.
16th.—Go on picket on the Washington road. All quiet along the lines. The mail arrived today; we have had some rain for a change.
17th.—At daylight we skirmish out ahead of the cavalry pickets, and find signs of them, but no rebs. This afternoon it rains; no drill.
18th.—Am on duty at headquarters. At 6 P. M., a foraging party is to start out on the gunboats. This evening we have a thunder shower.
19th.—Last night rain prevented the expedition from going out. It has been raining all day, and there is nothing done in camp. We sign the clothing account today.
20th.—We have company inspection at 8 A. M.; preaching in the church at ten. No rain and rather cool.
21st.—Go on camp guard. The weather is fair; frost last night; battalion drill at 4:30 P. M.
22d.—Today we build a fireplace. A squad of infantry go after lumber and bring in one prisoner. The cavalry go on a scout and catch a rebel.
23d.—Am on camp guard, and have the ague, and am relieved at dark. The weather is fair.
24th.—Do not feel very well, The boys are busy preparing for cool weather.
25th.—Have the fever and ague nearly all day. Nothing done.
26th.—Nothing done. Fair.
27th.—Today the orderly arrived from York State on the Massasoit, and brought me a pair of boots.
28th.—Some of the boys go over to Edenton on the Massasoit after the running gear to a steam sawmill.
29th.—Today, did my washing. This evening, S. Linsey, of Company F , who was out of his head, shot himself. He died instantly.
30th.—Were inspected by General Peck at 10 A.M. Weather fair.
1st.— Weather fair.
2d.—Go on picket on the Washington road. At noon, came in and signed the pay-roll. At sundown, some sheep came along and we fetch them to camp. This morning, had a fine shower.
3d.—Return to camp and prepare for Sunday morning inspection. Warm and pleasant today.
4th.—Drew two months’ pay. The weather is fair.
5th.—Was on camp guard. The regiment drills in company drill.
6th.—All quiet in camp. The mail arrives this evening. No war news.
7th.—Go on camp guard. In the afternoon, an expedition goes over to Edenton with two days’ rations.
8th.—The guard is not relieved today, and I have been helping on the new guardhouse. This evening, the boys arrive all right with some poultry.
9th.—Was relieved at 8 A. M. Weather fair and all quiet in camp.
10th.—We prepare for Sunday inspection. This afternoon the mail arrives, and Dr . Palmer arrives with some hospital stores. Cool and pleasant.
11th.—Go on picket; all quiet, and we have a pleasant time.
12th.—In camp; weather fine.
13th.—Go on picket; some rain in the night.
14th.—In camp and make some straw ticks. The weather has been fair; no rain.
15th.—We have drill at half past 3 P. M. Some rain in the evening.
16th.—An expedition starts at half past 4 A. M. with one day’s rations. At half past eight I go on picket in the rain. It breaks away about noon and we have a good time.
17th.—All quiet in camp. The weather is fair. At dark the mail arrives.
18th.—Sunday morning inspection at half-past eight. At eight the mail closes for the North.
19th.—Went fishing in forenoon. At half past 2 P. M. had general inspection. Lieutenant Beagle was inspecting officer.
20th.—Was on camp guard.
21st.—Was relieved at 9 A. M., and go fishing. The weather is fair.
22d.—All quiet in the forenoon. At half past 3 P. M. we have battalion drill at General Wessells’ headquarters. Cool.
23d.—Went on picket. All quiet.
24th.—Returned to camp in the rain and have the ague nearly all day.
25th.—On the sick list.
26th.—Nearly well again. Company drill at half past 3 P. M. Cool and windy.
27th.—-All quiet in camp.
28th.—Repair the chimney in the forenoon. In the afternoon one of the boys is taken sick and I take his place. The weather is fair.
29th.—Am relieved at 9 A. M. Battalion drill at half past 3 P. M. All quiet.
30th.—We get ready for muster. The weather is fair.
31st.—Mustered for pay this forenoon, by Colonel Layman, of the One Hundred and Third regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, and then we went on picket.
1st.—Was relieved at 11 A.M., and returned to camp. All quiet in camp. The mail starts north at eleven.
2d.—Do my washing in the forenoon. At 4 P. M. we had company drill before General Wessells’ headquarters. Weather fair. Frost last night.
3d.—We had an election, but do not know how the regiment went. I am on picket. All quiet. Weather fair.
4th.—Return to camp. All quiet and nothing done. The weather fair.
5th.—We are ordered to have seven days’ rations and report at the Massasoit at 5 P. M. We run down the river to the Sound and get on the steamer Pilot Boy and lay at anchor all night.
6th.—We start for the Chowan, the gunboats taking the lead. We anchor at Winton, and send out the cavalry and drive in the rebel’s pickets, but do not catch any, and return to the boats, and the One Hundred and Third Pennsylvania Volunteers are sent on picket. All quiet and the weather fair.
7th.—In the morning we go ashore and kill some hogs. Scouting parties are sent out and capture some poultry. A t 3 P. M. the detail from our regiment relieves the One Hundred and Third Pennsylvania. All quiet.
8th.—We are relieved and return to the boats. General Wessells comes up to-day with the news that Foster’s forces are not coming and we are ordered back to camp.
9th.—We start at daylight, have a fine run and arrive at Plymouth at noon. At half past 3 P. M., we have drill.
10th.—We put a new floor in our tent. All quiet and nothing done.
11th.—Go on picket and have the ague all day. All quiet.
12th.—Returned to camp.
13th.—In camp and all quiet.
14th.-—On camp ground. Monthly inspection at 3 P. M., by Captain Cotes. In the evening some rain.
15th.—No inspection. A t 5 P. M. we have dress parade. All quiet.
16th.—In the forenoon we draw rations. A t 3 P. M. we have battalion drill. Weather fair.
17th.—Went on picket. All quiet. The mail arrives this evening, and Joseph Cummings arrives from a furlough.
18th.—Am in camp and do not feel very well. The company has been busy fixing the cook house with utensils for pork steak.
19th,—Am on camp guard. Battalion drill at three. Weather fair.
20th.—Have the ague all the afternoon. All quiet in camp.
21st.—Am on the sick list. Nothing done in camp. Some rain.
22d.—On the sick list. We have company inspection at half past 8 A. M. Generals Butler and Peck are in town, and the battery fire a salute of thirteen guns.
23d.—All quiet in camp. Battalion drill at half-past 3 P. M. Weather lowery.
24th.—All is quiet in camp. The weather is fair.
26th.—Nothing done in camp. A t 2 P. M. we have an oyster supper; in the evening we have a dance.
27th.—Am on camp guard. About midnight it begins to rain and rains until morning.
28th.—Am relieved at 9 A. M. It has been raining nearly all day.
29th.—It has rained all day. The mail arrives twice. Good news from Grant.
30th.—A detail is sent out from the brigade. All quiet in camp. Weather cold and windy.
1st.—Did my washing in the forenoon. Weather cool and fair.
2d.—Am on picket. All quiet. Charles McHenry arrived last night from the conscript camp at Elmira.
4th.—Forty-two North Carolina conscripts arrive from the river. Thirty-two have enlisted.
5th.—Clean my gun in the forenoon. In the afternoon battalion drill. The mail arrives today.
6th.—Inspection at 8½ A. M., and go on camp guard. Clear and cold.
7th.—Was relieved at 9 A. M. Company drill at 3½ P. M. Company A leave for Roanoke to relieve Company I.
8th.—Am in camp and there is nothing done. At roll-call the captain gives out the order for enlisting in the Veteran corps.
9th.—On picket. Cool and pleasant. All quiet on the lines.
10th.—Returned to camp.
11th.—All quiet in camp.
12th.—On fatigue this afternoon. The paymaster arrived to day, and we sign the pay rolls. At 9 A. M. the regiment is in line and drill some and fire blanks.
13th.—Last night was wet and rainy. This morning went on picket through the mud. We have no rain today, and it has been warm and pleasant. All quiet.
14th.—Return to camp in time for monthly inspection. Some rain in the morning. In the afternoon company drill at the general’s headquarters.
15th.—Drew $40.25 pay. At 6 P. M. the fifth day expedition arrived all safe, with plenty of poultry and some negroes. They went to Hyde county.
16th.—Am on alarm guard at Company C. There has been high wind all day.
17th.—Rained nearly all day.
18th.—Am in camp and all quiet. Mail arrives this evening.
19th.—We prepare for Sunday inspection. The weather is fair.
20th.—Inspection at 9 A. M. Dress parade at 4 P. M. Last night and today have been the coldest of the season.
21st.—Cummings and myself are on camp guard. A t 3 P. M. the regiment drills at headquarters. Cold.
22d.—Relieved at 9 A. M . A t 12 M. there is a horse race between the colonel and a cavalry lieutenant. We then have a game of ball. The weather is fair.
23d.—Do my washing at 2 P. M.. We have battalion drill. The weather is cool and wood is scarce.
24th.—Battalion drill at headquarters at 3 P. M. Weather fair.
25th.—There is a boat race on the river at 11 A. M., and the best the town affords for dinner. In the afternoon play ball. The officers are rather the worse for liquor.
26th.—Went on picket, and got some of Bidey’s Christmas dinner. All is quiet on the lines. The weather is fair.
27th.—Last night the mail arrived on the General Berry, and Booth arrived from the hospital. The weather is warm and pleasant.
28th.—Has been wet, and there is no mail. All quiet. Another horse race today.
29th.—Am on camp guard. The weather is warm and pleasant. Some of the boys are enlisting in the Veteran corps.
30th.—Was relieved at 9 A. M. At 2 P. M. we had a battalion drill. At 4 P. M. eighteen of the boys were inspected and accepted for the Veteran corps.
31st.—Today we were mustered for pay. The mail arrives this afternoon. It has rained all day, and there is nothing done in camp.
1st.—At 10 A. M. went down on the Columbia road to see the show, which was a wheelbarrow race blindfolded, a sack race, a greased pig, a greased pole, and a scrub race. This evening there is to be an army and navy dance. All goes well. The weather is fair but very windy.
2d.—Went on picket; all was quiet along the lines. Weather fair.
3d.—Was relieved at 10:30; have dress parade at 4:30, and then J. Cummins, C. J. Simmons and myself enlist in the Veteran corps. Weather fair.
4th.—The veteran fever still rages, and fourteen have been taken with it.
5th.—Enlisting is still going on. The weather is still wet. This forenoon I was on police around camp.
6th.—At 3 P. M. we are inspected by Captain Cotes. At 6 P. M. J. S. Van Wie died of congestion of the brain and spinal column. The weather has been lowery today, and this evening it rains.
7th.—At 10 A. M. there is a detail of twenty men from the regiment ordered to have one day’s rations and report on the color line at 1:30 P. M. At 3 we are under way and run until 6 P. M., when we cast anchor for the night and station five guards on the boat to prevent surprise. It has rained all day and froze as it fell.
8th,—At sunrise we start up the Chowan. A t 8 A. M. a party of ten are sent ashore to get a Union family. We draft two teams and go about two miles into the country, get the families all safe, and get on board about dark and start for Plymouth, where we arrive at 10:30 P. M., all safe and sound. There is about an inch of snow and ice on the ground.
9th.—I have been cutting wood and getting ready for inspection. It has thawed some today, but is rather slippery tonight.
10th.—Went on picket on the Washington road; all was quiet. It has thawed some today, but tonight it is rather slippery getting round.
11th.—Was relieved about 10 A. M. and returned to camp. At 2:30 P. M. the veterans are reviewed by General Wessells. The roads are very muddy.
12th.—Killed pig at 10 A. M. In the afternoon nothing done.
13th.—At 2 P. M. the veterans were inspected by the brigade surgeon. It has been wet all day, and this evening it is still raining.
14th.—Am on picket and it rains all day. All quiet along the lines.
15th.—Got back to camp at 10:30 A. M., and find Seymour Smith, just returned from a furlough home. This afternoon wrote a letter. Warm today.
16th.—We were sworn into the United States service by Lieutenant Butts this afternoon. The mail arrives. All quiet in camp.
17th.—Had inspection at 8:30 A. M.; at nine went on camp guard. The weather is warm and pleasant.
18th.—Was relieved at 9 A. M. There is nothing done in camp. It has been raining all day.
19th.—All is quiet in camp. The weather is fair. The mail arrives in the evening.
20th.—Go on picket. All is quiet along the lines. At 8 P. M. an expedition of two hundred men start out. The weather is fair and pleasant.
21st.—Was relieved at 10 A. M., and returned to camp. At sundown the expedition got back; they went up the Chowan to Haroldsville, destroyed some government stores, captured some mules and horses, and burned their storehouses, and were on their way to the boats when they were fired into by rebs in ambush, and Alvah Phillips was shot through the temple; the rebs escaped.
22d.—Am detailed to go on an expedition with three days’ rations; at one and a half, we got aboard the Massasoit, and run across the Sound and up the Scuppernong to Columbia, when we get on the flats in tow of the Dolly, and work the oars to pay our passage. A t 12 P. M. we are up the river twelve miles to the canal, where we leave the Dolly, and take the scows in, and run up about one mile, where we bivouac for the night. The weather is fair and pleasant.
23d.—At 6 A. M., two yoke of oxen arrive from [Gen. J. J.] Pettigrew’s farm and hook on to the scows and tow us up the canal; we arrive at the farm about 10 A. M.. get the negroes and their teams ready to work, get dinner and commence loading corn; at night get some poultry and go on guard. The weather is fair.
24th.—The loading is still going on. The quartermaster has been getting in some confiscated property in the shape of silver plate, china ware, cabinet ware, and bedding; we then load on some hogs, sheep, chickens, and the negroes’ things, and about 3 P. M. we hitch on four yoke of oxen and start for home. The cavalry and part of the infantry stay to come overland. We arrive at the river all safe. About 10 P. M., leave the cattle and are towed by the Dolly to Columbia, where we arrive at 6 A. M., and the Massasoit takes us in tow, and we run down to the Sound all safe, but find it too rough for the scows and have to unload them on to the Massasoit, and get ready to start at 2 P. M.; get under way and arrive at Plymouth at 6 P. M. all safe. The weather has been fair.
25th.—In the morning go down to the boat and bring up my chickens, get some coops, and have sold some. The weather is fair and pleasant.
26th.—Another expedition goes out at 7 P. M. with two days’ rations. At 8 P. M. the cavalry and our boys arrive all safe. The One Hundred and Third Pennsylvania Volunteers are behind with the negro train. Weather warm.
27th.—All quiet in camp this P. M. Help bury the captain’s old horse. The mail arrives from Newborn at sundown. The weather is warm and pleasant.
28th.—Have been busy in the nest trade. At 3 P. M. we have company drill at General Wessell’s headquarters. At 7 P. M. the Colkucka arrives from Newbern. Last night the expedition arrived; one man in the One Hundred and Third was wounded; they bring in a few prisoners, some horses and mules, and destroy a quantity of stores. The weather is warm and pleaaant.
29th.—-Am on camp guard. At 6½ P. M. there is a concert at the Methodist church. At 9 A. M. there are sixty men from the regiment detailed to go on an expedition up the river with two days’ rations. The weather is fair.
30th.—Am relieved at 9 A. M., and find that some one wanted one of my turkeys and took it. About 2 P. M. the cavalry quarters and stables take fire and spread to other buildings, and we have all we can do to save the powder house; there are no lives lost, and not much property. At 9 P. M. the boys get back all safe and fetch several old guns us relics. Gragg gels the Georgia cavalry’s bass drum. Weather fair.
31st.—We have regimental inspection at 8½ A. M.; dress-parade at 4½ P. M., and an order is read, stating that the captured property — public or private — must be turned over to the quartermaster; it does not suit the gun boys very well. The weather has been warm and lowery all day. The mail went out at 10 A. M.
1st.—At 6½ A. M. a detail of twenty-eight men with one day’s rations are to start on a scout down the river on the Massasoit, but there is a heavy fog, and we do not start until 8½ A. M. We then run down the river into the sound, and then up the Chowau to get some rebel deserters that were hid in the swamp. We row along the shore, but find no rebs, and return to the boat and start for home. At the mouth of the Roanoke we find a government schooner loaded with coal, and take her in tow, and arrive here all safe and sound about sundown.
2d.—There is nothing done in camp, and all are busy at their several games. The weather is warm and pleasant. The birds have been chirping all day, and this evening the frogs take up the tune and make night merry, and the boys are having a high time by the sound. But the drums are beating, and according to military it is bedtime. Gay thing military is, when a man does not know when to go to bed nor when to get up unless the whistle sounds, and then the idea of extra duty brings us.
3d.—The mail arrived last night from Roanoke. At 1½ P. M. the Thos. Collier arrives with the news that the rebs have attacked Newbern and captured all outside the works. Fort Anderson magazine is blown up and the gunboat Underwriter is burned. At 5½ the Fifteenth Colored Troops march down and embark to reinforce Newbern, and we have orders to have daily inspection, and be ready at a moment’s notice. The weather has been cold and windy all day.
4th.—Am on camp guard. There is no news from Newbern. The cavalry are sent out, but discover no enemy. Battalion drill at 3½ P. M.
5th.—Am relieved at 9 A. M. The Sixteenth Colored Troops have moved inside the works today, and all are busy preparing for the expected rebs. The weather has been warm and pleasant today, and we have been playing ball and pitching quoits.
6th.—At 3 A. M. the regiment is in line, and march up to the breastworks and lay on our arms ready for an attack, but all is quiet out. A t 6½ we return to camp. There is a fatigue party detailed today to build a new magazine. No news from Newbern. Weather pleasant.
7th.—Last night the gunboat Mianee arrived from Newbern and brought the news that the rebs had left. Our loss, as near as they knew, was five hundred and fifty. They bring some mail and express. This evening a picket detail go up the river on the Bombshell.
8th.—All is quiet in camp. The weather is warm and pleasant. Simmons is at headquarters today.
9th.—Am on camp guard this P. M. Our boys and the battery boys play ball; our boys ahead. The mail arrives at 8 P. M. Weather fair, but cool.
10th.—Am relieved at 9 A. M. This P. M. the boys play again and we get beat. Joe is on the provost. It is rather dull in camp today. The weather is fair.
11th.—This A. M. draw rations. At 11 A. M. they fire the new gun for the first time; it worked well. This P. M. the mail arrives from Newbern, and I got a letter from home. Simmons is on picket to-day. All quiet in camp. Weather fair.
12th.—The brigade officers have been playing ball. This evening I was vaccinated for the kine pox. At 6 P. M. the Colonel Kneker arrived with commissary stores. The weather is fair.
13th.—Am on camp guard. At 5 P. M. Captain Aldrich, Lieutenant Fay and Sergeant Buckingham start for Elmira after recruits. This evening two colonels of Massachusetts heavy artillery arrive on Pilot Boy.
14th.—Company inspection at 8:30 A. M. At half-past nine, we are relieved; at eleven, the Pilot Boy goes out, and C. C. Mosher starts for home on furlough. Warm and pleasant.
15th.—Some of the boys are helping unload the sutler’s schooner. Afternoon, it rains and bids fair to rain all night. Cummings is on picket.
16th.—Am at work unloading the schooner all day. At 12 M., General Peck arrives on the Thomas Collier, but is taken with the ague and starts back again. Francisco gets his warrant as eighth corporal of Company B, and the boys auger him so that he buys the cigars to get rid of them. Cool and cloudy.
17th.—Last night was the coldest we have had in a long time. Today, am on camp guard, and it has been cold and windy all day. A t 6 P. M., the mail arrives from Newbern on the steamer Eagle—she brings forage and quartermaster’s stores.
18th.—This morning, went up to the swamp with James and Charley after wood. It has been cold all day, and this evening it snows.
19th.—This morning we find about three inches of snow on the ground for a change. At 9:30 A. M,, Simmons goes over to Edenton on a scout, and gets back about 7:30 P. M., and found no rebs. The snow has thawed some today, but tonight it is clear and cold.
20th.—At 1 A. M., Company A , Twelfth New York Cavalry, arrive on the Lancer and relieve Company I. At 8 A. M., the North Carolina company arrive on the gunboat Foster from a scout and bring twenty-eight prisoners. Today we bought a barrel of apples, and paid six dollars. The day is warm and pleasant, and the snow is nearly gone.
21st.—Inspection at 8:30 A. M; at nine, go on picket. A t sundown, the whole line is moved out to prevent surprise, but all was quiet. Weather fair and warm.
22d.—Are relieved about 10 A. M., and return to camp. There has been a few speeches delivered today; otherwise all was quiet. The weather is warm.
23d.—This morning, wrote a letter. At 3 P. M., we have battalion drill. This evening there is a dance at the Hooker House; they are cutting it down in fine style. It is warm and pleasant.
24th.—This morning, police the camp. This afternoon, go down to the sutler’s and buy two barrels of apples. This evening, the mail arrives. The weather is fair and warm.
25th.—Am on picket. At dark, the whole line is advanced out thirty rods; all quiet. Weather warm.
26th.—Was relieved about 10 A. M., and returned to camp; all quiet. This afternoon, some boats arrive. The wind has blown hard all day.
27th.—Today, have the ague for a change, But it does not agree with me very well. The weather is warm and pleasant.
28th.—Have been sick all day. Regimental inspection at 8 A. M.; at 8 P. M., the boys that re-enlisted in the battery start for home. The weather is fair.
29th.—At 9 A. M. the regiment was inspected and mustered for pay by Lieutenant-Colonel Maxwell, of the One Hundred and Third Pennsylvania Volunteers. At 11 A. M. the regiment go on picket, and our company go on provost. The weather is warm and pleasant; rain in the evening.
1st.—Am camp guard. The Massasoit comes in from the Chowan, and reports the gunboat Bombshell blockaded by a six-gun battery, and the gunboats Southfield and Whitehead, with a detail from the brigade on the Massasoit, are sent to relieve her. This evening it rains.
2d.-—Was relieved at 9 A. M. Have not done much but sleep today. There has been firing in the direction of the Chowan. The Pautuxet goes out with the mail at sundown.
3d.—Went down to headquarters to copy some orders. At 3 P. M. we have company drill. At 8 A. M. a boat arrives. The weather is fair.
4th.—Last evening some boats arrive for troops and take the One Hundred and First Pennsylvania Volunteers and Sixteenth Colored Troops. Today there is nothing done in camp. They expect an attack, and all the extra duty men and teamsters are supplied with guns. Weather fair.
5th.—This morning clean my gun. This afternoon take Deyo’s place on the camp guard. Rained all the afternoon.
6th.—Was relieved at 9 A. M. At 2½ P. M. we have monthly inspection. At sundown Lieutenant McHenry reads us the articles of war. Simmons is on picket.
7th.—Playing cribbage is the order of the day. The weather is warm and pleasant. Company inspection at sundown.
8th.—Am on camp police back of the camp. Fish are plenty in camp, and we have had a good mess today. This morning there was a detail sent to Edenton on the Massasoit. They return at about 4 P. M., and report all quiet over there. The weather is warm and pleasant. A boat has just arrived, and we are in hopes that she brings the paymaster or mail.
9th.—Am on picket on the Washington road, and have the ague.
10th.—Relieved at 10 A. M., and return to camp through the rain, which began falling about daylight and lasted until sun down.
11th.—Fishing has been all the rage, and I have been fishing nearly all day. Some rain in the morning.
12th.—Have been fishing nearly all day with good success. The Pilot Boy arrived today. The Massasoit brought in the mail last night.
13th.—Am on picket on the Boyle’s Mill road. All is quiet. The mosquitoes make a slight demonstration, but are repulsed with slight loss. Weather fair, but windy.
14th.—Return to camp at about 10 A. M. Nothing exciting in camp, and I have been writing home. Fair and pleasant.
15th,—About sixty men from the brigade go over to Edenton on the Massasoit. We get there about 11 A. M. All is quiet in the town. We are all sent on picket, and are called in about sundown and start for Plymouth, and arrive here at 8 P. M., all safe and sound. Warm, but pleasant.
16th.—This morning we find a young winter outside, and Simmons and myself have to get up a wood pile to make things comfortable. An expedition went over to Edenton today, but I did not learn what for. George Snook got his discharge, and started for home on the Lancer. The mail goes out today. It has been rather cold today, and we have been playing cards nearly all day.
17th.—All quiet in camp. Cummings is on camp guard this evening. I attended a lecture at the Methodist Church given by the Chaplain of the One Hundred and Third Pennsylvania Volunteers. The subject was: “The Signs of the Times.” The weather is cool, but pleasant.
18th.—Have been fishing this morning, and went across the river and explored the swamp, but did not find it very interesting. This evening the Massasoit arrives with the mail and One Hundred and First from Roanoke, and a few recruits for the regiment. The weather is fair.
19th.—Am on headquarters [as] orderly. The mail goes out today. This evening it rains, with some thunder.
20th.—This morning had to go up to Warneck with papers. Company inspection at 8 A.M. Dress parade at 5 P. M. At 6 a tug-boat arrives from Norfolk. The weather is fair.
21st.—All quiet in camp. Have been trying to have the ague today. It has been raining and snowing all day.
23d.—Am on camp guard today. It has been snowing and raining all day and part of the night.
23d.—Was relieved at 3 A. M., and have the ague all day. It has been warmer today, and the snow is nearly all gone. Mosher arrives here from the North.
24th.—Am on the sick list. All quiet in camp. Weather fair.
25th.—Today an order was issued in regard to the disposal of the troops in ease of an attack. It has been very windy, and this evening we have some rain. Logem is appointed cook today in Leache’s place.
26th.—All quiet in camp. At 3 P.M. the regiment is drilled in company drill by Lieutenant Langworthy of Company E. the wind is still blowing a gale.
27th.—Company inspection at 8 A. M. Dress parade at 5 P. M. The boats have been busy running up the old boats that are intended for the blockade above Warneck.
28th.—They are still busy on the blockade, and the old boats are nearly all sunk. All quiet in camp. The officers and men have been playing ball today.
29th.—Simmons is in camp guard. The Lancer arrives this evening with the mail. It has been raining all day.
30th.—Am on camp guard. The new guns and equipments are brought up from the boat. The paymaster arrives this afternoon, all safe and sound, and has to be guarded all night Weather fair.
31st.—Today we draw the new traps and sign the pay-roll. All is quiet in camp. Weather fair.
1st.—We are paid by Major Crain; we turn in our old guns and equipments. The weather is fair.
2d.—Today the old guns have been put in the arsenal. It has rained all day. The Massasoit arrives with the mail this afternoon. All quiet.
3d.—Company inspection at 8½ A. M. At 10 A. M. four men and Sergeant Cummings are detailed to go on an expedition, with two days’ rations. Dress parade at 5½ P. M. The weather is fair.
4th.—Am detailed to copy orders at headquarters. At 12 M. the expedition arrives that went down the sound after an old scow that got loose from the Massasoit in a blow. It is cool and cloudy; rain in the evening.
5th.—Go on picket in the rain. All is quiet along the line. It has rained all day.
6th.—Return to camp through the mud. We have monthly inspection at 1 P. M., by Captain Cotes. All quiet in camp. It is cool and cloudy today. This evening had a great game of dominoes.
7th.—This morning got some mail that arrived on the Eagle last night, and have been writing to [my brother] Willie. This afternoon we have brigade drill on the Columbia road. A drill has been ordered for each afternoon, when the weather will permit. Today has been warm and pleasant; the roads are some muddy yet.
8th.—This morning there is nothing done in camp. This afternoon brigade drill. The Massasoit came in from Roanoke with the mail.
9th.—Am on camp guard and it has rained all day.
10th.—Company inspection at 8 A. M. Colonel Clarke starts for Roanoke to take command of the island. This evening went to church. Cool and stormy.
11th.—Drew rations this morning. Carson commences boarding out of the company today. This afternoon brigade drill. The weather is warm and pleasant.
12th.—It has been showery today,and there is no drill. At 10 A. M. went down to headquarters and copied orders. This afternoon the Eagle arrives with the battery boys that were furloughed. There was some mail for the company.
13th.—Am on picket on the Washington road. The weather is fair. All quiet along the lines.
14th.—This morning they fire at the targets from the forts. About 10 A. M. we are relieved and return to camp. Brigade drill at 2½ P. M. This evening take the watch fever, and make a purchase of a “ticker.”
15th.—Have have the fever and ague all day, and did not drill this afternoon. The Massasoit arives with some mail, thirty-seven recruits and Captain Aldrich, Captain Cartwright and Lieutenant Fay. All is quiet in camp.
16th.—Am on the sick list. The Berry arrives this afternoon. Some rain.
17th.—Regimental inspection at 8 A. M. I am on the sick list. About 4 P. M. the rebels attack the picket line, capture the outpost, drive in the reserve and carry off their haversacks, canteens and blankets. The cavalry then go out and are fired into, and one man killed and a lieutenant wounded. About 4:30 P. M. they open on Fort Gregg with a battery, and keep it up until 9 P. M. The only harm done is one man slightly wounded and the flag staff shot down. Weather fair.
18th.-—At 4 A. M. the rebels charge on Fort Gregg, but are repulsed. At 9 we are ordered to the breastworks, where we remain until 4 P. M., when we go down to supper. The pickets exchange shots all day. A t 6 P. M., we return to the works double quick. The rebels drive in our pickets and plant a battery and shell us about two hours, when they retire for the night. We then begin throwing up bomb-proofs and traverse, and are busy all night. They [ ] the Fort Wessells sometime during the night. Our loss is small. The weather is fair.
19th.—About 4 P. M. the long talked-of ram comes down, and takes all by surprise, runs into the gunboats, and sinks the Southfield. The Miami and Whitehead escape into the Sound. The Bombshell was sunk yesterday. We have been digging all day, and dodging an occasional shell. There has been nothing serious. At 4:30 P. M., and the rest of the day and night, is nearly quiet.
20th.—At 4:30 A. M. the fight began by shelling on the right and charging on the left, which they carry and take possession of the town, and take some prisoners and the redoubt. The ram then shells Fort Williams, and their infantry are in front of us. About 9:30 A. M., we surrender, and soon the colors on the fort come down, and we are marched out of the town. At 12 M, Fort Gregg surrenders, and Plymouth is in the hands of the enemy. At 3:30 P. M. we are out on our old picket lines, well guarded, and stay all night.
21st.—This morning we draw four days’ rations of pork and hard bread. About noon we are started on the march and camp within five miles of Foster’s Mills, fifteen miles out. The weather is fair and we are used well.
22d.—We start before sunrise, and reach Foster’s Mills about 10 A. M., where we stop and rest. We march until near sundown and camp. The weather is warm and the dust troublesome. We have come fifteen miles.
23d.—This morning we start soon after sunrise, and at 9½ A. M. we are at Hamilton, having come six miles. We are now in a fine oak grove, where we stay all night. It has been very warm. Nothing happens of note.
24th.—We start about 10 A. M., under guard of the Seventeenth South Carolina Iufantry. We start for Tarboro, march about twelve miles and camp about sundown.
25th.—We start at 6 AM,, march ten miles and arrive at Tarboro’at 12 M., and draw one day’s rations of corn meal and bacon and peas. Some rain last night. Today is warm. Trade is brisk.
26th.—Our regiment and the officers of the brigade and the Twelfth Cavalry, are marched out, our names taken. We are then marched to the depot and packed into box cars. At 12 M, we are under way for Goldsboro, where we arrive at sundown and draw some hard crackers and run all night.
27th.—At 5 A. M. we are at Wilmington, and cross the river on a ferry boat and take the cars again, where we draw one day’s ration of bacon and soft bread, and jog along, making occasional stops, and at 12 P. M. we arrive at Florence, S. C , change cars and guards; are now under guard of the Nineteenth Georgia.
28th.—We laid here the rest of the night, and this morning all are feeling very well. At 9 A. M. we are again under way, and at 11 P. M. we arrive in Charleston, change cars, run through the city, and lay over until morning.
29th.—We start at 5 A. M.,and at 8 A. M. we drew one day’s rations. We have a good run, and at 3 P. M. we arrive at Savannah, Georgia, where we lay until 7 P. M., change guards and get under way. There are some Unionists here. We are now under guard of the First Georgia. The weather is fair. We draw one day’s rations.
30th.—We have run all night, and this morning we have a fine shower. At 12 M., we were at Mercer and lay over for the down train. There is plenty of stuff around to sell. At 4 P. M. we arrive at Andersonville where the prison camp is. We are then counted off into squads of eighty, each under charge of a sergeant. At sundown we are marched into camp, which is a field of eighteen acres, stockaded with logs eighteen feet high. There are ten thousand prisoners here, and more to come. The night passes quietly.
1st.—Some of the boys lost their blankets last night from the raiders. This afternoon drew one day’s rations. It was about one quart of meal and a pound of bacon, and an ounce of salt. There has been quite a number of dead carried out today. We have got up a shade. Cummings has the ague today. We have a shower today.
2d.—Part of the One Hundred and First Pennsylvania and the battery arrived yesterday. This afternoon one hundred and fifty old prisoners arrived from Fort Pillow. We have roll call mornings, and draw rations every aftenioon. This morning, before sunrise, the guard shot a man that had reached over the dead line after a few crumbs of bread. He died immediately.
3d.—Did my washing this A. M. All quiet in prison. The Weather is pleasant.
4th.—The rest of the Plymouth prisoners arrive today. All quiet in camp.
5th.—Last night a number of prisoners made their escape by means of a tunnel under the stockade. They put the hounds on their track, and there has been some excitement in prison. It is very warm today.
Friday, May 6.— * * * * * * * *
Albert H . Bancroft departed this life on Wednesday, August 10th, 1864, about 1 o’clock P. M.